Blog Details

  • 27 May 2024

What Is Staking In Crypto: How Does It Work

In this article, we aim to answer this fundamental question and further explore what staking means, how to stake cryptocurrencies, the different types of staking, whether staking is profitable or not, and its advantages and disadvantages. So, join us as we delve into this topic.

What is Cryptocurrency Staking?

In the world of cryptocurrencies, staking refers to the process where users can lock up a portion of their crypto assets to help secure the network and validate transactions, receiving rewards in return. The more assets that are locked in the network, the greater the rewards for the user. The amount of reward given to users depends on the duration of the staking period, the amount of assets, and the type of network.

How Staking Works

In Proof of Stake (PoS) blockchains, transaction validation and the addition of new blocks to the chain are based on the amount of stake or assets users have in the network, rather than solving complex mathematical equations as in Proof of Work (PoW).

To stake, users must first lock a certain amount of the desired cryptocurrency that supports staking in a wallet or a cryptocurrency exchange that supports this process. Then, these cryptocurrencies are used to secure the network and validate transactions.

History of Cryptocurrency Staking

The use of staking or the Proof of Stake (PoS) consensus protocol was first introduced in 2012 by two individuals named Sunny King and Scott Nadal. They took the initial step towards utilizing PoS by creating the cryptocurrency Peercoin. Following this cryptocurrency, many other blockchain networks decided to adopt the Proof of Stake consensus protocol.

Is Staking Profitable?

One of the fundamental questions for anyone looking to enter the world of cryptocurrencies is whether the staking process is profitable. To answer this question, several different aspects need to be examined.

Profitability of Staking

The profits earned through staking primarily stem from network fees and block rewards. These profits are distributed among individuals based on the amount of assets locked in the network. The more assets locked, the larger share of rewards a user receives.

Comparison with Mining

Staking and mining are two primary methods for securing and validating transactions on blockchain networks. However, each of these methods has its own advantages and disadvantages.

1. Costs and Equipment:

Mining: Requires powerful and costly equipment. Mining rigs (such as ASICs) are expensive and require maintenance. Additionally, they consume high amounts of electricity, which can incur significant costs.

Staking: Requires no specialized equipment. Users only need to lock their digital assets in a wallet or staking platforms. This method incurs lower costs compared to mining.

2. Risks:

Mining: Risks associated with the high costs of equipment and electricity consumption exist. Additionally, a decrease in the price of the cryptocurrency can lead to reduced mining profitability.

Staking: Risks associated with staking include fluctuations in the price of the digital asset and the possibility of a decrease in asset value. However, operational risks such as equipment failure are not present in this method.

3. Profitability:

Mining: Mining profitability depends on the price of the cryptocurrency, electricity costs, and equipment expenses. In bullish markets, mining can be highly profitable, but in bearish markets, profitability may decrease.

Staking: Staking profitability depends on the amount of assets locked, the network reward rate, and fluctuations in the price of the digital asset. Many experts believe that staking is more profitable in many cases compared to mining, especially due to lower costs and reduced risks.

Different Methods of Digital Currency Staking

Digital currency staking can be carried out in various methods, each with its own advantages and characteristics. Here, we'll explain three main staking methods:

  1. Cold Staking: Cold wallets, due to their offline nature, offer higher security. As long as assets remain in the cold wallet, staking rewards accrue to users. Whenever a user withdraws their assets from the wallet, the calculated rewards are deposited into their account. This method is suitable for individuals with substantial assets seeking high security.

  2. Locked Staking: In locked staking, users stake their assets in exchange wallets. These assets are locked for a specified period, during which they cannot be accessed. Asset rewards are calculated daily and deposited into the user's account at the end of the period. Some wallets and exchanges specify a lock-up period during which assets cannot be withdrawn. In this method, users cannot withdraw their assets until the end of the lock-up period. This method is suitable for users seeking regular and fixed income.

  3. Flexible Staking: Flexible staking allows users to withdraw their assets from staking at any time they wish. This method is carried out in hot wallets or software wallets and also allows users to engage in trading. Users can withdraw their assets at any time. Assets in hot wallets are tradable. This method typically yields lower profitability compared to other methods. This method is suitable for users seeking more flexibility and the ability to engage in trading.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Digital Currency Staking

Advantages of Staking

Profitability Without Hassle:

Staking allows you to earn profits from your digital assets without the need for specialized equipment or complex transactions.

No Need for Specialized Equipment:

Unlike mining, staking doesn't require expensive equipment and high energy consumption.

Contribution to Blockchain Security:

Staking helps enhance the security and efficiency of the blockchain network, making it stronger and more stable.

Environmental Compatibility:

Staking consumes less electricity compared to mining, making it more environmentally friendly.

High Profit Potential:

Considering the interest rates offered by some blockchain networks for staking, this method can be a good source of income.

No Need for Specialized Knowledge:

Unlike trading, staking doesn't require specialized knowledge, and the entire process is simplified into a few clicks.

Asset Accumulation Through Holding:

By holding onto your assets, you not only earn profits but also contribute to supporting the blockchain network.

Disadvantages of Staking

Market Volatility:

Digital currencies are highly prone to market fluctuations, and during the staking period, the value of your assets may decrease, and the profits from staking may not offset this decline.

Locking of Assets:

In some staking methods, you are required to lock your assets for a specific period, during which you cannot access them.

Waiting Time for Asset Return:

In some methods, after exiting staking, you must wait for a period (e.g., seven days or more) for the assets to be returned to your account.

Risks of Scam Pools:

Choosing a reputable staking pool is crucial, as depositing in unscrupulous pools (scams) can result in loss of your assets.

Decrease or Collapse in Digital Currency Prices:

One of the biggest risks of staking is the decrease or collapse in the price of the targeted digital currency. Some small projects lure investors with high profits, which may ultimately face price collapse.


The proof-of-stake consensus mechanism and digital currency staking are among the most intriguing methods for earning passive income and supporting various blockchains. This method, besides fostering consensus and governance in blockchains, allows users to increase their holdings simply by holding their assets without the need for specialized equipment.

Staking digital currency is worth considering as part of your investment portfolio to not only hold assets but also benefit from the rewards of this process. Unlike blockchains that require mining for transaction validation, staking attracts newcomers to the blockchain world by reducing entry barriers and providing attractive incentives, offering them an easy and profitable experience.

Considering the mentioned advantages and disadvantages, staking can be a suitable option for earning passive income and participating in securing and stabilizing blockchain networks. However, one should always carefully and knowledgeably select platforms and projects to prevent potential risks.



We may use cookies or any other tracking technologies when you visit our website, including any other media form, mobile website, or mobile application related or connected to help customize the Site and improve your experience. learn more