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  • 03 Jun 2024

What Is An NFT? Non-Fungible Tokens Explained

NFT stands for "Non-Fungible Token". These are a new type of digital asset that is built on the blockchain and represents ownership of a unique digital item.

Unlike fungible cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin or Ethereum, each NFT is unique and has its own value and identity. This is similar to physical assets like paintings or real estate, which are each unique and cannot be exchanged for one another.

In simpler terms, NFTs are digital certificates of ownership that are used to prove ownership of unique digital items such as artwork, collectibles, in-game items, music, and more.

In this article, we will explore the characteristics and applications of these tokens and answer the question "What is an NFT?".

Before diving into the topic, we need to briefly explain the concept of fungibility.

What is Fungibility?

Fungibility means that an asset or currency can be exchanged for another of equal value. It also means that the asset can be divided into smaller parts without affecting its value.

Imagine you have a coin that you can trade for any other coin of the same type, without any difference. Or, you can split it into smaller coins and still get the same value in return. This coin is an example of a "fungible" asset. This property is called fungibility.

In the world of money and assets, fungibility means that one unit of an asset can be exchanged for another unit of the same type, without any loss or gain in value.

In simpler terms, in a fungible asset, each unit is like a coin that is worth the same as any other coin. It doesn't matter who it belonged to before or what transactions it has been used in, its value does not decrease or increase in the slightest.

What is an NFT?

An NFT, or non-fungible token, is a new type of digital asset that proves ownership of a unique item in the digital world. These tokens are built on the blockchain and guarantee the identity and authenticity of your digital asset.

NFTs are built on the blockchain, which means that information about their ownership and authenticity is recorded immutably in a distributed ledger. This ensures the security and transparency of transactions and prevents counterfeiting or unauthorized copying of NFTs.

Imagine you want to uniquely register the ownership of a digital artwork. Using an NFT, you can create a unique token for this artwork and store it on the blockchain. This token will be your certificate of ownership for the artwork and will allow you to sell or trade it on digital marketplaces. No one else can replace it with the original copy.

Characteristics of NFTs

NFTs have several unique characteristics that set them apart from other digital assets:

  • Non-fungibility: This is the defining feature of NFTs. Unlike fungible assets like cryptocurrency, NFTs are not interchangeable. Each NFT is unique and has its own distinct value. This means that you cannot trade one NFT for another and expect to get the same thing.

  • Scarcity: While NFT creators can mint multiple NFTs, they are often limited in supply. This artificial scarcity can drive up demand and value for NFTs. For example, an online game might issue a limited number of NFTs as special in-game items. These items would be highly sought-after by players due to their scarcity, and could be sold for high prices.

  • Indivisibility: Unlike cryptocurrencies that can be divided into smaller units, NFTs are indivisible. This means that each NFT is a whole and complete asset, and cannot be broken down into smaller pieces.

  • Uniqueness: Each NFT has a unique identifier and set of metadata that is stored on the blockchain. This information guarantees the authenticity and ownership of the NFT, and prevents it from being forged or copied.

  • Verifiable ownership: The ownership history of each NFT is transparent and permanently recorded on the blockchain. This gives buyers confidence that they are owning a genuine and authentic NFT, and allows them to easily verify its provenance.

Benefits of NFTs

NFTs, a new type of digital asset, have revolutionized the world of digital ownership by offering several advantages. Here are some of the key benefits of NFTs:

1. Transferability:

NFTs can be bought and sold on specialized digital marketplaces. These marketplaces are designed specifically for NFT transactions and allow buyers and sellers of these tokens to easily trade with each other. The price of each NFT is determined based on its uniqueness, scarcity, and demand for it.

2. Authenticity and Verifiability:

As you know, the blockchain is a secure and unhackable platform that stores information permanently and transparently. NFTs are also built on the blockchain and therefore have high authenticity and credibility. Information about each NFT, including ownership, transaction history, and its characteristics, is transparently recorded on the blockchain and can be verified and validated.

3. Protection of Ownership Rights:

The information recorded on the blockchain is immutable and cannot be deleted. This means that once ownership of an NFT is registered on the blockchain, no one can change it or claim ownership of it. This feature fully protects the rights of the original owner and prevents misuse and fraud.

4. Programmability:

NFTs can be programmed to offer various functionalities. For example, they can be used to grant access to exclusive content, create special rewards and privileges, or even verify identity. This capability opens up new avenues for innovation and creativity in the world of NFTs.

5. Transparency and Traceability:

All NFT-related transactions are recorded on the blockchain and are publicly viewable. This transparency allows buyers and sellers to ensure the authenticity and validity of their transactions and prevent fraud and scams.

The Boundless World of NFTs: Applications Beyond Imagination

NFTs, or non-fungible tokens, have revolutionized the world of digital ownership and their applications extend far beyond the realm of cryptocurrencies and niche domains. Let's explore some of the key areas where these tokens are being utilized:

1. Registration of Digital Artwork:

Digital artists can leverage NFTs to permanently and transparently register the ownership and authenticity of their creations on the blockchain. This empowers them to prevent unauthorized copying and theft of their work and establish their intellectual property rights.

2. Gaming Industry:

Gamers can fully own in-game items like characters, weapons, and virtual lands using NFTs. These items can be transferred across different games and sold on digital marketplaces.

3. Digital Assets:

Ownership of any digital asset, such as domain names, social media accounts, and even websites, can be permanently registered using NFTs. This brings transparency and security to the ownership of these assets.

4. Physical Assets:

NFTs can be used to register ownership of physical assets like houses, cars, or even a piece of land. This can streamline and secure the transaction processes for these assets.

5. Identity and Document Verification:

NFTs can be employed to verify individuals' identities, educational qualifications, and professional certifications. This contributes to a secure and reliable system for identity and document authentication.

6. Digital Collectibles:

NFTs are particularly well-suited for creating and trading digital collectibles like sports cards, trading cards, and rare and unique digital art pieces. This allows collectors to securely and transparently access and trade their collections.

7. Tickets and Licenses:

NFTs can be used to issue tickets for various events, access passes to specific venues, and even certificates of attendance for educational courses. This helps prevent counterfeiting and misuse of these tickets and licenses.

8. Fundraising:

NFTs can be utilized to raise funds for various projects, such as startups, art projects, and charities. This enables project owners to access the capital they need by selling NFTs.

9. Supply Chain:

NFTs can be employed to track and authenticate products in the supply chain. This helps prevent counterfeiting and ensures the quality of products.

10. Virtual Identities:

NFTs can be used to create unique virtual identities in the metaverse. This allows individuals to operate securely and transparently within this virtual space.

The applications of NFTs are constantly evolving, and their potential to transform various industries is immense. As the technology matures and adoption grows, we can expect to see even more innovative and groundbreaking uses for NFTs emerge in the future.


The future of NFTs looks bright and promising. This technology has the potential to revolutionize our lives in many ways. Despite the challenges and hurdles that exist, NFTs are expected to gain wider acceptance and play a significant role in the digital world in the coming years.

However, it is important to remember that a lack of sufficient knowledge in this area can lead to irreparable financial losses. If you are also interested in entering the biggest phenomenon in the cryptocurrency world, namely these non-fungible tokens, be sure to try to acquire the necessary basic knowledge. Remember that learning about NFTs takes time and requires effort and perseverance. With patience, research, and study, you can gain the knowledge and information you need to enter the world of NFTs safely and informed, and take advantage of the opportunities in this area for investment and profit.



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